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INSTITUTE OF PHYSIOLOGY CAS

Cutting-edge science for health

Neuroscience

Neuroscience

The research into the field of neuroscience at our institute covers many aspects of neural transmission, not only in a practical way, but also in a theoretical way using computer simulations and modelling. 

We investigate in detail the biochemical principles of signal transmission from one cell to another, i.e. mechanisms of neurotransmitter release and interactions between neurotransmitters and their receptors (e.g. muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, purinergic P2X receptors, vanilloid TRPV receptors). On the other hand, we study also integrative functions of the central nervous system that include

  • cognitive functions (memory, space orientation, or learning),
  • regulation of circadian rhythms (i.e. processes repeated rhythmically during the 24-hour period),
  • mechanisms of drug addictions, chronic pain, or epilepsy.

Among other diseases of nervous system, our research focuses also on Alzheimer’s disease or schizophrenia.

Scientific laboratories:

LABORATORY OF BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS LABORATORY OF MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY
LABORATORY OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY LABORATORY OF NEUROCHEMISTRY
LABORATORY OF COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE LABORATORY OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF MEMORY
LABORATORY OF CELLULAR NEUROPHYSIOLOGY LABORATORY OF PAIN RESEARCH
LABORATORY OF DEVELOPMENTAL EPILEPTOLOGY